Home Health Dental Crowns 101: A Comprehensive Guide

Dental Crowns 101: A Comprehensive Guide

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Do you have a problem with your teeth?

Is this causing issues with eating and speaking?

Do you feel self-conscious about your smile?

With advances in technology and science, achieving your ideal smile is no more a dream.

Restorative dental methods and cosmetic dentistry have exploded in the twenty-first century to remedy any smile-related problem you can think of.

That said, a chipped tooth or crooked smile is no longer a major concern – you can easily crown it!

Dental crown treatment is used in situations where fillings or other forms of restorations are not viable.

What are dental crowns?

Dental crowns are precisely what their name implies: a cap that “crowns” your troublesome tooth, restoring its aesthetics and function permanently.

The hollow, tooth-shaped cap will be bonded into place, covering the whole circle of the tooth that rests at and above the gum line. They are constructed of stainless steel, metal alloys, ceramic, zirconia, or porcelain.

Crowns were traditionally made of a metal alloy that was coated with porcelain. The metal on the crown’s interior provided strength, while the porcelain made the crown seem like natural teeth.

Dental crowns are tailored to suit your teeth, so they function similarly to a lock and key, making them more lasting and resistive.

Who can get a dental crown?

While you may require dental crown treatment, not everyone is a good fit for it. The following are some reasons you might want to put on a dental crown.

●     Tooth decay

A dental crown can be used to strengthen a rotting tooth and enhance its functioning.

However, a tooth with extensive deterioration may not sustain a dental crown. In this scenario, the tooth must be extracted, and there are several options for filling the area, including a dental implant with an implant crown on top.

●     Tooth damage

A dental crown can be put on a cracked or damaged tooth to restore its previous size, support proper function, and safeguard it from future damage and contamination. Yet, a severely damaged tooth may be unable to sustain a crown and could have root issues.

Also Read : Cosmetic Dentistry Procedures And Their Benefits

●     Discolouration or tooth alignment issues

Dental crowns can be used to cover teeth that are uneven in size, crooked, or discoloured for aesthetic reasons on one or many teeth. The look of your teeth can be enhanced with dental crowns for a more confident smile.

●     Root canal

A crown must be set on top of the tooth following a root canal operation to prevent bacteria from entering the tooth and causing infection. However, if a tooth has a fractured root that cannot be healed, the tooth must be removed and replaced with a dental implant or bridge.

Dental crown procedure

A dental crown treatment usually requires two dental visits.

  • Your dentist will check your tooth and the surrounding gum tissue for signs of injury or decay. If deterioration is discovered, a root canal procedure will be performed first.
  • The dentist will use sedation dentistry to anaesthetise the surrounding region. A dental drill will be used to remove the tooth’s outer surface from the top and both sides.
  • Your dentist will take a tooth imprint. This imprint will be used to manufacture a permanent crown.
  • A temporary crown, generally composed of acrylic, will be put on the tooth to protect it until your permanent crown arrives.
  • Your temporary crown will be removed at the second visit, and the new crown will be correctly placed onto your tooth.

Types of dental crowns available

●     Metal crowns

These are the most robust and long-lasting forms of dental crowns. They are made of metal alloys, which are formed by combining two or more pure metals.

Metal crowns are difficult to erode, are resistant to wear, and give excellent tooth strength. As only a thin layer is required for cover, your dentist will only remove a small amount of your tooth to set in a metal crown.

●     Ceramic crowns

Ceramic crowns are often known as porcelain crowns. They have a natural look that is nearly indistinguishable from your real teeth.

Ceramic crowns are also a great alternative for people who are allergic to metals. Translucent zirconia crowns have also been popular recently, albeit they are not as robust as regular zirconia.

Furthermore, depending on the thickness of the porcelain material, ceramic crowns may demand the removal of more tooth surfaces.

●     Stainless steel crowns

This dental crown is designed to protect your teeth or fillings temporarily and is more typically utilised on children.

Preformed stainless steel crowns are used, which means they are “off the shelf,” and sizes are selected based on the size of the baby tooth.

●     Resin crowns

They are the most affordable form of dental crown treatment and need half the installation time.

Resin crowns, like stainless steel crowns, are used as a temporary remedy to safeguard the tooth or filling while the permanent crown is constructed.

This metal-free option comes in various shades that may be combined to match the natural colour of your teeth. They do, however, wear out easily and discolour quickly.

How to take care of dental crowns?

●     Avoid consuming hard foods

Dental crowns are far more durable than natural teeth. They are not, however, indestructible. So, you should avoid biting into hard foods.

●     Brushing and flossing

Revert to brushing your teeth at least 2 times a day and flossing between before going to bed. These easy oral hygiene techniques will prevent tooth decay and prolong the life of your dental crown treatment and natural teeth.

●     Avoid sweets and sticky foods

Sugar is a cavity-causing agent. Sugary snacks in moderation are acceptable as long as you clean your teeth immediately after eating them.

But do you know that sticky food can compromise teeth crowns’ bonding integrity?

Your tooth will not decay. Sticky food will, however, gradually diminish the bonding agent.

Instead of needing to visit your dentist in the future, sticky foods may compel you to arrange a re-crowning appointment sooner than expected.


A dental crown is a painless procedure because of the employment of sedation dentistry.

So, if you have a damaged or chipped tooth, consult a dentist to see if you are a good candidate for crowning treatment.

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