Discoloration is flat dark patches on the skin caused by the excessive production of melanin within the skin cells. the most reason behind their formation is excessive exposure to the sun, although they’ll even be post-inflammatory, drug-induced, congenital or generated by liver diseases and hormonal disorders. A special form of skin lesions is melasma , i.e. skin discoloration related to excessive melanin synthesis in areas of the skin excessively exposed to the sun.
What is melasma?
Melasma may be a skin lesionarose as a results of excessive exposure to the sun. The skin contains melanocytes whose role is to synthesize melanin – the skin pigment. it’s liable for the shade of the skin, and within the case of sun exposure – protection against the harmful effects of UV radiation. This protection comes right down to the looks of a tan, i.e. a darker skin tone. Sometimes, however, there’s a neighborhood overproduction of melanin, furthermore as its uneven distribution. one in every of the foremost important factors contributing to uneven overproduction of melanin are hormonal disorders related to the increased concentration of female sex hormones. This happens during pregnancy, within the course of the menopause, when using oral hormonal contraceptives. this is often why almost exclusively women in their childbearing years are exposed to the event of melasma.
What does melasma look like? This pigmented lesion takes the shape of irregularly shaped spots ranging in color from brown to dark brown. Melasma appears on exposed areas of the skin that are exposed to sunlight. you’ll be able to often see melasma on the face and hands, and sometimes there’s also melasma on the legs.
Melasma – a way to Get eliminated These Skin Changes?
Melasma can be removed using laser, microdermabrasion, or chemical peels with the number of expert treatments from rrawellness.com. However, the choice of approach is made prior to starting the treatment based on the depth of the melasma. Epidermal melasma, including the epidermis, may be removed by exfoliating the skin with peels and microdermabrasion. Exfoliation of the skin with medical peels (mainly with azelaic acid, kojic acid or retinoids) or microdermabrasion requires a series of several treatments, each of which ensures a gradual lightening of skin lesions. In turn, dermal melasma covers the dermis – and this type of melasma is harder to get rid of. Such deep discoloration requires the employment of a laser or photorejuvenation treatment and aftercare of Tretinoin and Retinol infused skincare to shield your skin with vital essentials.
The principle of operation of the laser on pigmentary changes is predicated on selective photothermolysis – the emitted light of a particular wavelength is absorbed by the pigment cells, and so the generated thermal pulses generate the destruction of target cells, saving the encircling structures. The result’s safe and precise removal of hyperpigmentation changes.
For the laser treatment, we must always only move to a reputable aesthetic medicine office, where the kind of discoloration are determined, so the strategy of their treatment. Laser treatment requires plenty of data and reasonable action from the attending physician. Too gentle treatment of discoloration changes won’t bring the required healing effects. Similarly, the will to quickly remove lesions with just one treatment and too intensive removal of discoloration – after the initial improvement, the skin are going to begin to defend itself against too intense an impulse and therefore the melanocytes will be stimulated, which can end in a recurrence of discoloration. Cosmelan or Dermamelan (for thicker skin) also can be a good method . use Triluma Cream 15 gm for Melasma and Tretinoin Cream 0.025 for Acne.
Photorejuvenation versus melasma
Skin aging is an inevitable process, the course of which is accelerated by the action of external factors, especially UV radiation. radiation causes over 90% of skin aging symptoms. the primary group of aging changes includes pigmented spots, freckles and vascular changes – dilated capillaries and erythema. The second group consists of structural changes within the skin and epidermis – wrinkles and enlarged pores. Photorejuvenation of the skin is that the minimization of the above-mentioned signs of skin aging with the employment of pulsed light of the acceptable wavelength. the warmth energy from the absorbed radiation destroys cells with an far more than dye or is absorbed by hemoglobin and constricts blood vessels – during this way, discoloration or dilated blood vessels are removed.
Photorejuvenation treatments are performed only in cosmetology or aesthetic medicine salons. Appropriate qualifications of personnel are important – removing melasma requires the conscious management of radiation power. Treating the skin with deficient radiation won’t bring the specified results; successively, using an excessive amount of power may burn the skin and cause scarring. Only an experienced doctor can select the device’s operating parameters for the sort of lesions and skin type. the foremost modern solution at this time is that the use of an intelligent platform that itself recognizes the quantity of melanin within the epidermis and ensures the suitable parameters of the light-emitting head. We are talking about the innovative Alma Harmony platform with the D.
Removal of discoloration is feasible because of the utilization of the Alma Harmony Dye VL device. The treatment is safe, doesn’t cause discomfort, and also the effects are visible after about 4-6 weeks; 1 to three treatments are most frequently required. The selectivity and precision of the Dye VL laser ensures that it interacts only with tissues that need treatment, while saving adjacent tissues. The undoubted advantage of the treatment is additionally no need for convalescence.
Contraindication to the treatment may be a strong tan, photoallergies, vitiligo, diabetes, coagulation disorders, psoriasis, pregnancy or fresh inflammatory changes. Before the procedure, you ought to avoid sunbathing, drinking alcohol, photosensitizing drugs, Empirin or antibiotics. Microdermabrasion or chemical peels mustn’t be performed.