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Understanding Roman Numeral and their Application

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The system for representing the numbers developed by the Romans around Five Hundred BC is termed the Roman Numeral system. After defeating the world known to the Romans, the numeral system they had adopted spread throughout Europe, where the chief manner for representing numbers endured Roman numerals.

The Roman Numeral is the additive and subtractive system in which the letters are used to designate certain base numbers and numbers in the arbitrary arrangement in the number system. A number that is represented by a symbol is called a numeral. They are widely denoted by utilising different combinations of symbols that inculcate English alphabets.

For example, Four in the Roman numeral is denoted by IV. It has wide supplications in labelling in many sectors, industrially and educationally. For instance, labelling as grade II or grade V as far as industrial usage is concerned. It is also widely used in designating the students as per their grades in school, likewise, Class I, Class II, Class III, and so on.

You can even translate and understand complex ones by learning the different numerals, such as the XXXIX roman numeral.

What Are Roman Numerals?

It can be termed as an ancient Number system that is still in use and widely accepted worldwide. In short, fixed positive numbers are used to represent the roman numeral alphabets. They may include I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, which represent 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10, sequentially.

But, here, the thing that gets complicated for most of us is when the roman numerals cross Ten or x. After Ten comes the number Eleven, which is written in roman numerals as XI and followed by the numbers Twelve, Thirteen, Fourteen, Fifteen to Twenty respectively, written as XII, XIII, XIV, XV and so on till we reach Twenty which is written as XX.

But, this is where things begin to get complicated, and the confusion starts. The question is, how to carry on with a long numeral? This complication is further simplified with the help of the following table given below:

Roman Numerals that are currently used to constitute the basic numbers are mentioned below in the following manner:

  • I represent One
  • V represents Five
  • X represents Ten
  • L represents Fifty
  • C represents One Hundred
  • D represents Five Hundred
  • M represents One Thousand

Now, coming to the Roman Numerals chart from (One to One Thousand)



For Your Better Understanding, we have some problems.

Q1. How do we write Twenty in roman numerals?

Ans: XX

Q2. How do we write Hundred in roman numerals?

Ans: C

Q3. Convert One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eighty-Five to Roman Numerals?

Ans: By breaking 1884 to 1000, 800, 80, 5 and then doing the conversion, we get,

One Thousand (1000) = M

Eight Hundred (800) = DCCC

Eighty (80) = LXXX

Five (5) = V

So, 1000 800 80 5 = 1885 (One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eighty Five)

 Hence, further simplifying 1885 to Roman numerals, we get, = MDCCCLXXXV

Q4. What is the value of DCCC in terms of numerical?

Ans: Eight Hundred

Q5. How do we write One Thousand Nine Hundred and Ninty Nine in roman numerals?


The Applications of Roman Numerals

The use of Roman Numerals is found in many places:

1.    Roman Numerals are widely used in denoting in almost all cases as far as copyright is concerned in date on cinemas broadcasted on television and various other forms of copyrighted videos. For example, MCMXCV represents 1995. 

2.    The Watch industry, which is flourishing as the days pass by, also has highly relied on the Roman numerals, which form the base of the aesthetic appeal of classic watches.

(Note: The most famous of the world’s watches and clocks follow the Roman numerals to make them look ornamental and give them an attractive feeling. The clocks around the world are very famous and attract many tourists who follow the roman numeral pattern.)

3.    Roman numerals have also got a special place in the information technology sector and the computer industry. Tech giants like Pentium have not lost sight of the fact that the roman numerals have to be considered while mentioning their pioneer products to the population worldwide.

4.    The publications globally consider roman numeral numerals for their pages of the book, which form an essence to the readers internationally.

5.    When it comes to talking about the great monarchies and the great kings who ruled the world and their ancestors or predecessors are often termed in roman numerals.

6.    In the court of law, the major points and the thesis on which the entire case is based are numbered as per the roman numerals.

7.    History, as the name speaks for itself, has seen many monumental events depicted with roman numerals as world war I and world war II.

8.    Many of the world’s historic buildings and monuments have been engraved with roman numerals to depict their commencement or completion in that particular year.

9.    The automobile industry is one of the many industries which have been using roman numerals for ages to define their car’s special edition.

10.   As rightly said, death is only the beginning. Gravestones, in particular, have been found out to be primarily using Roman numerals.

11.  The pharmacy sector has many uses of the roman numerals as it helps them name the version created, which is better and more advanced than the previous version.


So, be it the field of law, pharmacy, sports, automobile or the field of history or been in industry or sports, Roman numerals have a special place when it comes to the count of a particular number or place extensively. Now you can read what those characters say whenever you see them around you.

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