Eczema: All You Should Know About Its Types & Treatments

A series of chronic inflamed skin diseases known as eczema. The reason for such diseases is thought to be brought on by both environmental causes and a hereditary predisposition. The epidermis is the outermost layer of skin. Here the symptoms of eczema are exhibited first during birth or early childhood. Over 31 million people have eczema, making it a common condition. 

The known causes of this skin condition are as follows: 

  • Environmental irritants or allergens, 
  • Chemicals from soaps, 
  • Perfumes, or other products, 
  • Food allergies, 
  • Stress, variations in temperature or moisture 

Treatment may also include the administration of oral, topical, or immunosuppressive medicines. In such cases, a doctor’s prescription is required. Even while this type of illness cannot be prevented, self-care precautions, such as regularly avoiding the hottest temperatures and known irritants, will help reduce the frequency of outbreaks. At hospitals in Bangalore, you will get feasible options for eczema treatments. 

Some symptoms of eczema

Most commonly, eczema results in dry, reddish skin that stings or burns. Each individual’s case of this skin condition is unique in appearance. The main sign of this skin issue is typically intense itching (pruritus). This type of skin condition can occasionally cause blisters and leaking lesions, but it can also result in scaly, dry skin (xerosis is a medical term for drying skin). Lichenification, or thicker, crusty skin, can develop from repeated scratching.

Skin issues can majorly affect any region of the body.  Although in children and adults, they typically affect the face, neck, and interiors of the elbows, knees, and ankles, such skin condition typically affects the upper body areas of newborns, such as the neck, cheeks, etc. 

Here we talk about the various eczema types and treatments used in dermatology at hospitals in Bangalore

What are the types of Eczema? 

Eczema can take many different forms, and each form has a unique set of triggers. The following are seven of what are considered typical eczema types:

  1. Atopic dermatitis 

The most frequent type of eczema is atopic dermatitis. This type displays signs like itching, pigmentation, dryness, and scaling. Rashes due to this kind might appear red in people with a lighter complexion and a shade of purple or brown in people with darker complexion. Atopic dermatitis patients who repeatedly scratch themselves may also experience lichenification or the thickening and hardening of the skin. The most typical locations for flare-ups are the hands, feet, face, elbows, knees, and behind the ears. 

  1. Contact dermatitis 

Contact dermatitis develops when the skin comes into contact with an allergen or irritant that sets off a reaction. The two most common forms of contact dermatitis advised by hospitals in Bangalore are:

  • Irritant contact dermatitis: Occurs when skin cells become subjected to an external irritant, causing skin damage without involving an allergic reaction.
  • When an allergic reaction happens as an outcome of exposure to an allergen, it’s called allergic contact dermatitis.

Itching, flaming swelling, or blistering are common cutaneous reactions to exposure. People working in industries where chemicals are used frequently tend to develop this eczema.

  1. Dyshidrotic eczema 

Small, extremely itchy, fluid-filled blisters known as cysts develop on the hands and feet due to the condition known as dyshidrotic eczema. Dyshidrotic eczema is more common in women and adolescents and can be brought on by stress, sweat, and mental exposure.

  1. Neurodermatitis 

Eczema, known as neurodermatitis, is confined to a single skin location and is defined by excruciating itching. When affected people try to chill out or experience stress or anxiety, these skin patches frequently flare up. Continuous scratching can eventually result in the following:

  • Lichenification
  • Scarring
  • Bloody injuries 
  • Infection
  • Scabbing 
  • Hair loss
  1. Nummular eczema 

On the skin, nummular eczema manifests as spherical sores. If left untreated, these lesions, which are frequently red, dry, and scratchy, can cause serious skin damage. Sometimes the lesions ooze fluids or have irritated skin all around them. Nummular lesions, in contrast to other forms of eczema, rarely get better on their own. You will get to treat eczema issues at hospitals in Bangalore

  1. Seborrheic dermatitis 

Malassezia, a type of yeast that lives on the surface of the skin, may overgrow and produce seborrheic dermatitis, a skin disorder. Hair-covered bodily parts, such as the following, are commonly affected by this condition:

  • Scalp 
  • Nose 
  • Eyebrows
  • Armpits, 
  • Upper back, 
  • Mid-chest and
  • Groin region

It normally manifests as tiny, somewhat uncomfortable, scaling areas on the skin’s surface, but it can also look like obstinate dandruff.

  1. Stasis ermatitis 

When a person has a history of vein insufficiency, a condition that leads blood to gather in the veins, stasis dermatitis, a kind of eczema, develops. This blood stagnation may result in the following:

  • Dry and itchy skin
  • Skin that’s irritated and discolored
  • Discomfort or pain in your legs
  • Your lower legs are swollen

What are the options for Eczema treatments available? 

Eczema can be treated in a variety of ways, depending on the following:

  • Magnitude of symptoms
  • Underlying health issues
  • Eczema kind

The following are a few of the commonest treatments:

  • skin-applicable corticosteroids
  • Phototherapy
  • Integrated corticosteroids
  • Diet and lifestyle adjustments
  • Pharmaceutical injectables
  • Nonprescription painkillers
  • Supplements and vitamins
  • Antihistamines

The Dermatology department at hospitals in Bangalore advises the following suggestions for at-home care:

  • Daily moisturizing
  • Using a humidifier in a dry, chilly climate
  • Wearing gentle materials
  • Taking a warm (but not hot) bath
  • Utilizing mild cleaners that are fragrance-, dye-, and fragrance-free

Visit the hospital for dermatology treatment 

We are aware of the major effects of eczema on your standard of life. So, healthcare professionals ensure you receive mandatory care as quickly as possible. 

You might have the best understanding of eczema, its symptoms, causes, and treatments by reading this blog. If you see these symptoms in family members or friends, you should notify them or bring them to a trained dermatologist.

If you want to know more about dermatology services and treatments from a credible source, Bajaj Finserv Health will answer you. Contact us today to get all the information on our hospitals in Bangalore for a free consultation. 

Get your eczema treated with our treatment provisions soon.

Christopher Stern

Christopher Stern is a Washington-based reporter. Chris spent many years covering tech policy as a business reporter for renowned publications. He has extensive experience covering Congress, the Federal Communications Commission, and the Federal Trade Commissions. He is a graduate of Middlebury College. Email:[email protected]

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