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Motherboard Basics

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Recently, the Technical Council has highlighted the basics of computer case selection and explained the different sizes of motherboards for different modeling factors. Some people have written to learn more about the basics of motherboards, and that’s what the Technical Council intends to do.

The motherboard, also called the motherboard, connects the computer to the central circuit and the central processing unit (CPU), memory, expandable space, storage, and other terminals. The motherboard diagram facilitates communication between all computer devices that are critical to system performance, such as a central processing device or memory.

The main circuit of the motherboard is called its chip set, and the motherboard maker is not usually the chip set maker. Intel manufactures motherboards with its own chipsets, but buying motherboards like Gigabytes, Biostars and ASUS means getting boards with VIA, Nvidia, SIS or Intel branded chip sets.

1. Form factor

The different major shapes and sizes of Whatintop motherboards are divided into model factors. There are several standard formatting factors, but the most common are those found on desktop computers:

(http://www.formfactors.org/developer/specs/atx2_2.pdf), ATX (http://www.formfactors.org/developer/specs/matxspe1.2.pdf), Micro ATX (mATX): / /www.formfactors.org/developer/specs/FlexATXaddn1_0.pdf) FlexATX (http://www.via.com.tw/en/itiives/spearhead/mini-itx/) and Mini-ITX

The main sizes of each are as follows:

* ATX: 12 “x 9.6” (305 mm x 244 mm)

* Micro ATX: 9.6 “x 9.6” (244 mm x 244 mm)

* FlexATX: 9.0 “x 7.5” (229 mm x 191 mm)

* Mini ITX: 6.7 “x 6.7” (170mm x 170mm)

ATX and mATX are the most popular motherboards for desktops and the largest, as shown in the list above. The real estate features of the motherboard allow for flexibility in the use of these panels as well as extensions and additional features. The Mini-ITX board can have one memory slot and one slot for the expansion card, while a standard ATX board can have four memory slots and six slot cards for the expansion card.

In the workplace, from the sports board to the big boards, to the media centers, and for the small boards, from computers to machines, every shape element has its place. Of course, there are similarities between the potential applications of each model factor and other features and capabilities that will affect the use of the target.

2. Central processing unit

Leading processor manufacturers AMD and Intel are in constant battle to offer the fastest and most powerful processor. A newer generation of processors typically requires a change in physical orientation on relatively small chips for speed and performance. Therefore, motherboards should grow at the same rate to accept new CPUs.

During the day, AMD and Intel shared a shared CPU processor, but those days were short-lived. AMD and Intel then move in parallel, increasing the speed and speed of work when using different designs. The choice of motherboard for modern AMD processors eliminates the need to use any Intel processor, and vice versa.

AMD’s current offering for desktop processors includes the Atleton 64, which comes in the Socket 939 and Socket 754 models. The number on the name indicates the number of nails in the back of the central processing unit attached to the motherboard. Socket 939 Atlon 64 Ninety-nine small pins that fit into the motherboard socket. The Chaintech VNF4 Ultra is an example of Nvidia’s NForce4 Ultra chipset technology based Socket 939 motherboard. In addition to these two sockets, many AMD processors, including Athlon XPs, Semprons, and Durons, share the Socket A format, also called Socket 462, because they have 462 nails attached to the motherboard. Socket adapter

Intel’s latest offering for the Pentium 4 and Celeron processors, the LGA 775, has no nails and is basically being replaced with a motherboard for the socket. Maybe that’s why they’re so weak. The Biostar P4M80-M7 is an example of an LGA 775 motherboard based on the VIA P4M800 chipset. The Socket 478 model is used for the Intel processors Pentium 4 and Celeron processors available in the market.

Although most motherboards provide only one central processing unit socket, some applications may benefit from having more than one processor. Server and high-end desktop processor systems are two examples that can be implemented with modern applications, such as the Tyan Thunder i7500 motherboard.

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