When I graduated, my tutor told me that it was hard to realize great achievements by simply being a designer and suggested that I should turn to do the management or marketing later on.
At the moment, I did not understand mainly because I had been influenced by some traditional thoughts since I was a child. And I thought that management was related to officials. In my view then, if you want to be a manager, you have to interact with people and your personal value cannot be shown, so I would rather be a designer. Furthermore, I had little interest in management. Now, I have changed my mind.
So did many times I have encountered obstacles in working places that I understand my tutor’s words and gradually understand the meaning of management. Stephen P. Robbins defines management in his book Management: “A manager is someone who coordinates and oversees the work of other people so organizational goals can be accomplished. According to the functions approach, managers perform certain activities or functions as they efficiently and effectively coordinate the work of others.” The functions of a manager can be categorized into “planning, organizing, leading and controlling.”
The participators of management are managers and others. The manager and team members work together or the manager instructs team members. The purpose of management is to achieve efficiency and effectiveness. The main functions of a manager are to plan, organize, lead and control.
To put it simply, the natura of management is to manage people. A person can be a manager or be the one managed. As for how to achieve goals effectively through management, the abilities of a manager will be tested.
In certain circumstances of China, being an official is equal to be a manager. However, a manager is not always be an official like the project management.
When it comes to project management, in the sixth version of PMBOK, the guidance of PMP certification(<a href=”https://cciedump.spoto.net/pmp-dumps.php”>check spoto here</a>), project management is described as the process of applying knowledge, skills, tools, and technologies to project activities to meet the demands of a project.
We can take the project “Three-days Tour in Beijing” as an example.
When we decided to go to Beijing, the project was initiated. In order to choose the transportation vehicle and arrange the schedule, we started the planning of the project. Based on the knowledge acquired, we can treat this tour as an activity and the whole process as a project management. Through a project management process, we transform a single or multiple inputs into a single or multiple outputs.
Therefore, the project goes like this:
1. Transportation vehicles
2. Three-days plan
3. 4,000RMB budget
1. Take high speed railway
2. Three-day tour map (including expenses)
- Compare the pros and cons of high-speed railway, planes, and automobiles. You can consult your friends or the tourist agent. You should assess the advantages and disadvantages,
- Design the map. You can search some suggestions online and friends.
- Evaluate tourist expanse. You can list the priorities and calculate the expense or you can decide what you want to do according to the expense. However, you should make sure that the budget is less than 4,000RMB.
For people engaging in the activity, the proficiency of using the tools and technology determines the quality of output. Then, how to improve the skills of participators? That is to learn all sorts of knowledge like taking a PMP exam[<a href=”https://cciedump.spoto.net/pmp-answers-questions.php”>you can find more </a>].
You can learn a lot from the PMI PMP certification exam guidance, PMBOK. It illustrates the five process groups, initial, planning, executing, monitoring and closing.
Here, I want to divided project management into four parts. They are humans, knowledge, logic, and target.
Humans are the foundation of project management. Without humans, nothing can go on.
Knowledge can present the abilities of individuals. Without knowledge, all is zero.
Logic connects each process of a project.
Target instruction of forward direction.