A guide to investment options by Paul Haarman

Investment options are tools that help you get hold of all your financial goals. Each investment option comes with its characteristics and features, as well as risk factors. All broad investment types have multiple ways to be utilized by investors to obtain maximum returns. Below are a few investment options that can help you through your investment phase. 

Paul Haarman emphasizes on Stocks

Stocks are initially a corporation. When an individual invests in stocks, they become owners of that corporation, among others. Stocks are representations of ownership shares and get popularly termed equity shares. The success or downfall of the firm is what determines your loss or profit on the money you forsake for the equity shares. Determination of loss or gain also involves the stock type you own and the situation witnessed at the stock market.  

Often, mutual funds and stocks form a significant factor of an investment portfolio that is diversified. 


Bonds are another investment option, says Paul Haarman. The loan is in exchange for payments at a particular rate of interest made for a specific period, along with the repayment of the capital amount when the bond matures. You may define it as a loan given to a particular federal agency, corporation, government, or institution. Bonds have sub-types including: 


  • Corporate bonds
  • Agency bonds
  • Municipal bonds 

When people make investments in mutual funds and bonds, there is a high risk of losing money, mainly when individual bonds are concerned or when the bonds get sold before their maturity. Further, mutual fund bonds have fluctuating prices, similar to mutual fund stocks. Risks also get determined by the kind of bond ideal for investments. 

Again, both mutual fund bonds and bonds make up essential components of investment portfolios that are diversified. 

Exchange-traded funds and Mutual Funds 

Paul Haarman explains that investment funds get gathered from multiple investors, and money is invested accordingly depending on specific strategies. Funds are received in different forms, each having a variety of features. These include funds like exchange-traded, mutual, closed-end as well unit investment. Further, these funds get publicly offered. However, funds need registration, but private funds get exempted from the registration process. Read this article to know more about the structure of mutual funds.

Funds provide professional management and diversification to investment portfolios. Moreover, they also offer a large variety of strategies and investment plans. But similar to any other type of security, investment funds have risks of losing money. Past fund performances are no indicators of its performance in the future. 

Options – Paul Haarman    

Options are another type of investment that includes contracts between buyers, providing them with rights but not obligations of selling or buying securities. These options may consist of stocks or ETFs but at a fixed rate over a specific time. Options act as aids for risk management to investors. However, the opportunity to buy and sell has risks and a possibility of losing money. 

To beginners, options as an investment type may seem daunting, a language they do not understand, along with unfamiliar terms. But as you select an investment type that suits your needs the best, keep in mind the risks and benefits of each.

Christopher Stern

Christopher Stern is a Washington-based reporter. Chris spent many years covering tech policy as a business reporter for renowned publications. He has extensive experience covering Congress, the Federal Communications Commission, and the Federal Trade Commissions. He is a graduate of Middlebury College. Email:[email protected]

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